The ‘Inti Raymi’rata (Quechua for “sun pageant”) is a spiritual ceremony of the Inca empire in honour of the god Inti (Quechua for “solar”), the most venerated deity in Inca religion. It turned into the celebration of the iciness solstice – the shortest day of the year in phrases of the time among sunrise and sunset and the inca new year. In territories south of the equator the gregorian months of june and july are iciness months. it’s miles held on june 24.

In the course of the Inca empire, the Inti Raymi became the maximum crucial of 4 ceremonies celebrated in Cusco, as associated by way of Inca Garcilaso de la Vega. the celebration occurred within the Haukaypata or the main plaza inside the city.

Inti Raymi Celebrations
Inti Raymi Celebrations

The Inti Raymi was proceeded by means of a 3-day purification via the sapa Inca and Curacas. All through that time, most effective water, raw corn, and chunam have been eaten. At sunrise on the June solstice, they accrued within the haucaypata, took off their footwear, and confronted northeast in anticipation of the growing sun. Whilst the solar seemed, they would crouch down and blow respectful kisses, before raising two golden cups of chicha. The left cup became offered to the sun, whilst the right cup turned into shared amongst the sapa Inca and his retinue. from the plaza, they walked to the coricancha, for the sacrifice of llamas, and in some instances, youngsters.

In step with chronicler Garcilaso de Los Angeles vega, sapa Inca Pachacuti created the Inti Raymi to celebrate the brand new 12 months inside the Andes of the southern hemisphere. The ceremony became also said to signify the legendary origin of the incas. it lasted for 9 days and became packed with colourful dances and processions, in addition to animal sacrifices to thank Pachamama and to make certain a good harvest season. The primary inti Raymi became in 1412. The remaining Inti Raymi with the Inca emperor’s presence became finished in 1535, after which the Spanish and the Catholic clergymen banned it.

in 1944, a ancient reconstruction of the inti raymi was directed via faustino espinoza navarro and indigenous actors. the primary reconstruction became in large part based totally at the chronicles of garcilaso de los angeles vega and handiest mentioned the spiritual ceremony. due to the fact 1944, a theatrical illustration of the inti raymi has been taking location at saksaywaman, two kilometers from its original party in imperative cusco on june 24 of every 12 months, attracting thousands of vacationers and neighborhood site visitors.

inti raymi is still celebrated in indigenous cultures throughout the andes. celebrations involve tune, colourful costumes (most wonderful the woven aya huma mask) and the sharing of food. in lots of elements of the andes although, this celebration has been related to the western festivals of saint john the baptist, which falls on the day after the northern solstice (june 21).

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